This guide provides a basic overview of creating reference lists in several common citation styles. For comprehensive information on these styles, please refer to the print style manuals available on the wood shelves next to "New Books" located in Research, Instruction & Outreach on the 2nd floor of Mitchell Memorial Library.
If your needed style is not listed, check the "Other Citation Styles" tab for links.
To cite sources in speeches, this guide from USM's Southern Miss Speaking Center will help.
Most databases provide sample citations drawn from standard templates, in many of the styles demonstrated in this guide. Citation Management Software and websites (EndNote, Zotero, Mendeley) and generators such as Chegg and EasyBib also will auto-generate citations. In many cases the citations may have mistakes in formatting. In addition, artificial intelligence tools using Large Language Models (LLM) such as ChatGPT can generate false citations using legitimate author names and journal titles.
Always double-check your citations for authenticity and accuracy!
As OpenAI's ChatGPT, Google's Bard, Adobe's Firefly, and other large-language model (LLM) artificial intelligence text generators see more frequent use, ethical questions relating to citation and academic integrity inevitably arise. The following steps are a good start in using AI responsibly:
For more information on AI Text and academic publishing, see "Taylor & Francis Clarifies the Responsible use of AI Tools in Academic Content Creation."