Scientists and social scientists conduct research and usually want to share their findings with other scholars. This is especially true for those working at universities and other public or non-profit research institutions.
The primary means of disseminating research findings is through peer-reviewed journals (sometimes referred to as scholarly journals or academic journals). The idea is that, before any study is published, it will be carefully reviewed by two or more scholars who are familiar with that type of research. Here's basically how it works:
Once published, the article will be part of the body of scientific literature and will most likely be cited by students in their papers or by other scholars in their articles.
Most peer-reviewed articles in the sciences and social sciences follow the following structure:
Schifferstein, H. N. (2020). Changing food behaviors in a desirable direction. Current Opinion in Food Science, 33, 30-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cofs.2019.11.002