The Census of Agriculture is a complete count of U.S. farms and ranches and the people who operate them. Even small plots of land - whether rural or urban - growing fruit, vegetables or some food animals count if $1,000 or more of such products were raised and sold, or normally would have been sold, during the Census year. The Census of Agriculture, taken only once every five years, looks at land use and ownership, operator characteristics, production practices, income and expenditures.
The Census of Horticultural Specialties collects information to provide a comprehensive and detailed picture of the horticulture sector of the U.S. economy. It is the only source of detailed production and sales data for floriculture, nursery and specialty crops. For the 2014 census, an operation is defined as any place that grew and sold $10,000 or more of horticultural specialty products during the census year.